Anaheim (green)

 

Also called California Pepper. About 6" long with tender, thick flesh; medium hot heat.

 

Scoville Rating: 500-2000

 

Good for: raw preparations, roasting, sauces, stews; commonly used in Southwestern cuisine

Anaheim (red)

 

Also called Chile Colorado. About 6" long with tender, thick flesh; sweeter than green Anaheim.

 

Scoville Rating: 500-2000

 

Good for: good for sauces, pickling, grilling, garnish; very versatile; commonly used in chiles rellenos

Ancho

 

Dried poblano chile; long, tapered; wrinkled, deep reddish-brown skin; sweetest dried chile with mild fruit flavor. 

 

Scoville Rating: 1000-1500

 

Good for: sauces; commonly used in Mexican cuisine

Bell (green)

 

Rounded cube shape; juicy green flesh with spongy white core; sweet, mild vegetable flavor, more bitter than other bell varieties. 

 

Scoville Rating: 0

 

Good for: raw preparations, grilling, roasting, salads, pizzas, soups, stews, casseroles; very versatile; appropriate to stuff

Bell (red)

 

Rounded cube shape; juicy red flesh with spongy white core; sweet, crisp flavor with tomato-like fruity tones. 

 

Scoville Rating: 0

 

Good for: 

raw preparations, grilling, roasting, salads, pizzas, soups, stews, casseroles; very versatile; appropriate to stuff

Bell (yellow)

 

Rounded cube shape; juicy yellow flesh with spongy white core; sweet, crisp flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 0

 

Good for: raw preparations, grilling, roasting, salads, pizzas, soups, stews, casseroles; very versatile; appropriate to stuff

Cascabel 

 

Also called Chile Bola. Round, brown-black; medium heat with slight acidity; smoky when dried.

 

Scoville Rating: 1500-2500

 

Good for: sauces, soups, stews

Cayenne Red

 

Also called Ginnie Pepper. Bright to deep red, 2"-4" long; pungent heat with acidic tart flavor, smoky tones.

 

Scoville Rating: 30,000-50,000

 

Good for: used dried/ground as seasoning in Italian, Mexican, Caribbean cuisine

Cherry (Pimiento)

 

Also called Cherry Pepper. Tomato-like shape, scarlet red; sweet, aromatic flavor, mild to slightly hot.

 

Scoville Rating: 100-1000

 

Good for: salads, pickling, garnish; appropriate to stuff

Chipotle 

 

Also called Chile Ahumado. Smoked, dried jalapeño; smoky, spicy, sweet flavor with hint of chocolate.

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-5000

 

Good for: flavoring soups, sauces

Cubanelle

 

4"-8" long with creased green, yellow or red skin; firm flesh; moderate heat; sweet.

 

Scoville Rating: 100-1000

 

Good for: pizzas, salads, casseroles; appropriate to stuff

De Arbol 

 

2"-3" long with glossy, smooth, bright red skin; tannic, smoky, grassy in flavor with searing, acidic heat.

 

Scoville Rating: 15,000-30,000

 

Good for: chili, salsa, stews, stir-fry; usually powdered and used as a spice

Fresno

 

Also called Chile Caribe. 2" long with thin, waxy green skin; orange/red when fully ripe; thick flesh; green have mild/medium heat, red are intensely hot.

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-10,000

 

Good for: salsa, ceviche, breads, pickling

Guajillo

 

Slightly flat, elongated, orange-red or deep burgundy; slightly fruity flavor with piney, berry undertones; very hot.

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-5000

 

Good for: mole sauces, salsa, chile sauces, stews; commonly used in Southwestern, Mexican cuisine

Habanero

 

Lantern shape with green to red to burgundy color shape; crunchy flesh; extremely hot.

 

Scoville Rating: 100,000-855,000

 

Good for: salsa, chutneys, marinades, pickling

Hungarian

 

Also called Banana Pepper, Hungarian Wax Pepper. 4"-6" long; oval shape with pointed tip; green when immature, red when mature; medium-hot flesh.

 

Scoville Rating: 1000-15,000

 

Good for: raw preparations, salads, salsa, pickling; appropriate to stuff

Jalapeño (green)

 

Thick, firm flesh; hot, pungent flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-5000

 

Good for: raw preparations, cooking

Jalapeño (red)

 

Bright red, firm, thick flesh; hot, sweeter than green jalapeños.

 

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-5000

 

Good for: pickling, salsa, stews, sauces

Lilac

 

Unique lilac color; bell shape; sweet, herby flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 0

 

Good for: garnishing, salads

Morita Chile

 

Dried, 1"-2" long, bright orange to red-brown; light, sweet, smoky, slightly fruity flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-5000

 

Good for: salsa, sauces

Naga Jolokia

 

Also called Ghost Pepper. Yellow-red to almost black; slightly shriveled appearance; extremely hot.

 

Scoville Rating: 855,000-2,100,000

 

Good for: use sparingly

Pasilla (Chilaca)

 

Also called Chile Negro. Curved, 6"-9" long with smooth, glossy dark green or brown skin; hot, spicy flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 1000-15000

 

Good for: Fresh: frying, roasting; appropriate to stuff; Dried: sauces, pickling

Pequin

 

Also called Chile Pequeño, Chile Mosquito, Birdhead Pepper. Very small berry-like shape; green when immature, red when ripe; deep, fiery heat with light, sweet, smoky flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 30,000-50,000

 

Good for: sauces, vinegars, salsa

Piquillo

 

Small, beak-shaped; commonly sold jarred/canned; mild, sweet roasted flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 0

 

Good for: roasting; appropriate to stuff; commonly used in Spanish tapas

Poblano

 

Glossy, smooth, dark green skin; fiery flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 2500-5000

 

Good for: roasting; usually cooked; appropriate to stuff

Scotch Bonnet

 

Shaped like mini bell pepper; very hot, fruity, smoky flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 100,000-300,000

 

Good for: used as an ingredient in Jamaican jerk sauce and Caribbean curries

Serrano

 

Long, cylindrical; biting heat with high acidity; hottest chile commonly available in the US.

 

Scoville Rating: 5000-15,000

 

Good for: raw preparations, roasting, sauces, garnishing

Tabasco

 

1"-1.5" long; bright orange-red; sharp, biting heat.

 

Scoville Rating: 30,000-50,000

 

Good for: used almost exclusively in pepper sauces

Tepin (Chiltepin)

 

Very small berry-like shape; reddish-brown when ripe; searing heat with dry flavor.

 

Scoville Rating: 50,000-100,000

 

Good for: salsa, soups, stews, vinegars